World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is a body integrated into the United Nations (UN) to guarantee the protection of industrial and intellectual property.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

The World Intellectual Property Organization was born in 1967 in Geneva, Switzerland. Among its objectives, it stands out to implement an intellectual property protocol at the international level. Said mechanism must be beneficial and functional for all the countries that are included in this organization.

The support and protection of intellectual property plays a fundamental role in the development of economics and science. Added to this, it also encourages the creation of cultural pieces such as bibliographic works or music.

In this sense, WIPO is made up of 193 member states. Among them the following can be highlighted:

  • Germany.
  • USA.
  • India.
  • China.
  • Japan.
  • Colombia.
  • Mexico.
  • Turkey.

Objectives of the World Intellectual Property Organization

Among the objectives that we can highlight of the World Property Organization are the following:

  • Offer the Member States an infrastructure to make the intellectual property systems of each country compatible.
  • Collaborate with countries to enhance all the benefits of a solid, stable and secure intellectual property system.
  • Facilitate the flow of information between countries to guarantee the protection of intellectual property in all member states.
  • Provide the necessary knowledge to establish a functional intellectual property system.

Structure of the World Intellectual Property Organization

Regarding its structure, we can differentiate it as follows:

  • Governing bodies: They are responsible for making decisions within the organization.
    • WIPO General Assembly and the Assemblies of the Member States of each Union.
    • The WIPO Coordination Committee.
    • WIPO Conference.
  • Permanent committees: The different governing bodies can create commissions depending on the needs of each circumstance.
    • Program and Budget (PBC).
    • Development and Intellectual Property (CDIP).
    • Intergovernmental on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (CIG).
    • Advisor on Enforcement (ACE).
    • Patent Law (SCP).
    • Trademark Law, Industrial Designs and Geographical Indications (SCT).
    • Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR).
    • WIPO Technical Standards (CWS).

Treaties administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization

WIPO is responsible for administering 26 treaties concentrated in three large groups:

  • Protection of Intellectual Property: These treaties include the agreement on how to protect industrial property in different sectors.
    • Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances – 2012. Entered into force in 2020.
    • Berne Convention – 1886.
    • Brussels Convention – 1974.
    • Madrid Agreement – 1891.
    • Marrakesh Treaty – 2013.
    • Nairobi Treaty – 1981.
    • Paris Convention – 1883.
    • Patent Law Treaty – 2000.
    • Phonograms Convention – 1971.
    • Rome Convention – 1961.
    • Singapore Treaty – 2006.
    • Trademark Law Treaty – 1994.
    • Washington Treaty – 1989.
    • WIPO Copyright Treaty – 2002.
    • WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty – 1996.
  • Registration: The different registration modalities are agreed depending on the type of information to be protected.
    • Budapest Treaty – 1977.
    • The Hague Agreement – 1925.
    • Lisbon Agreement – 1958. Entered into force in 1966.
    • Madrid Agreement and Protocol – 1891.
    • Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) – 1970.
  • Classification: The countries adhered to this type of agreement establish the protocols to classify each one of the registries.
    • Locarno Arrangement – 1968.
    • Nice Agreement – 1957.
    • Strasbourg Agreement – 1971.
    • Vienna Agreement – 1973.

Lastly, the Convention of the World Intellectual Property Organization is the constitutive instrument of the institution. It was signed in 1967 in Stockholm, entering into force in 1970.

In conclusion, the World Intellectual Property Organization is an institution in charge of coordinating the member countries to guarantee and facilitate the protection of industrial and intellectual property.