The Sustainable Development Goals or World Goals, also known as SDGs, are commitments that member countries have agreed to since 2015. Historically, they were unanimously approved at the United Nations summit of the 193 United Nations Member States.
They are included in a Declaration, with a total of 17 Objectives and 169 goals.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
They are focused on eradicating poverty, optimizing the use of natural resources, social inequality; as well as the quality and expectations of life, worldwide.
The topics it addresses are employment, education, health care, clean energy, respect for biodiversity, among others.
The objectives were raised taking into consideration that changes made in one area will have effects on another.
17 SDG Goals
Each of the objectives is listed below.
- End of poverty: Raised to meet the basic needs of the entire population.
- Zero Hunger: Promoting Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture.
- Health and well-being: With initiatives for a healthy life.
- Quality education: Efficient opportunities for everyone to have access to learning.
- Gender equality: Promoting policies that avoid inequality between men and women.
- Clean water and sanitation: Access to drinking water for all.
- Affordable and clean energy: Making sustainable energy available to everyone.
- Decent work and economic growth: Equalizing productive opportunities for all.
- Industry, innovation and infrastructure: Support inclusive industrialization.
- Reduction of inequalities: Reduce the differences between countries.
- Sustainable Cities and Communities: Underpinning Inclusive Societies.
- Responsible production and consumption: Ensure sustainable production process and demand.
- Climate action : Carry out actions to combat climate change.
- Underwater life: Ensure the responsible use of sustainable marine resources.
- Life of terrestrial ecosystems: Restore land degradation and prevent loss of biological diversity.
- Peace, justice and strong institutions: Promote peace by recognizing the rights of each individual.
- Alliances to achieve the objectives: Support collaborations between countries to achieve sustainable development.
Implications of the Sustainable Development Goals
These objectives represent a significant effort to raise public awareness, supported by the use of technology, knowledge, financial resources, etc. As well as the establishment of an agenda and indicators that allow monitoring the achievements obtained.
What drives collaboration so that the goals can be achieved is the commitment of civil society, government and the private sector.
An international institution that cooperates to achieve the objectives is the World Health Organization (WHO), in all matters concerning health. Its scope is supported by the following actions:
- Support to governments in the elaboration of health policies and plans, as well as in the reduction of inequalities.
- It helps in collaborating with partner countries in accordance with national priorities.
- It compiles and disseminates information on health, so that countries can plan their spending and track their progress on these issues.
Application of the SDGs
There is an application called “ SDG in Action ” that can be downloaded to a mobile device so that civil society can participate and contribute to the achievement of these goals. This application allows each person to propose their own actions and even invite others to join these initiatives.