Proper fractions are those that have a numerator that is less than the denominator. That is, the number at the top is less than the number at the bottom.
Some examples of proper fractions are the following:
The proper fractions are characterized because they are equivalent to a number between zero and unity. This, in absolute terms, since the fraction can have a negative sign. Let’s look at the following cases:
A proper fraction is the opposite of an improper fraction, which is one that has a numerator greater than the denominator.
We must also remember that we can define a fraction as the division of a number into equal parts. It is made up of two numbers, both separated by a straight or sloping line (unless the fraction is mixed). The top number is the numerator, while the bottom number is called the denominator.
Characteristics of proper fractions
Among the characteristics of the proper fractions we can point out:
- The inverse fraction of a fraction is an improper fraction.
- The opposite fraction a proper fraction is another proper fraction.
- Unlike an improper fraction, a proper fraction cannot be converted into a mixed fraction (one that has an integer and a fractional component).
Use of proper fractions
The proper fractions are used to express a part of a whole that is larger. That is, they represent the portion of a something.
For example 1/4 of an hour means that they are a quarter of what an hour lasts. Thus, it is equivalent to 60 minutes divided by four, which does not equal 15 minutes.