**Proper fractions are those that have a numerator that is less than the denominator. That is, the number at the top is less than the number at the bottom.**

Some examples of proper fractions are the following:

The proper fractions are characterized because they are equivalent to a number between zero and unity. This, in absolute terms, since the fraction can have a negative sign. Let’s look at the following cases:

A proper fraction is the opposite of an improper fraction, which is one that has a numerator greater than the denominator.

We must also remember that we can define a fraction as the division of a number into equal parts. It is made up of two numbers, both separated by a straight or sloping line (unless the fraction is mixed). The top number is the numerator, while the bottom number is called the denominator.

## Characteristics of proper fractions

Among the characteristics of the proper fractions we can point out:

- The inverse fraction of a fraction is an improper fraction.

- The opposite fraction a proper fraction is another proper fraction.

- Unlike an improper fraction, a proper fraction cannot be converted into a mixed fraction (one that has an integer and a fractional component).

## Use of proper fractions

The proper fractions are used to express a part of a whole that is larger. That is, they represent the portion of a something.

For example 1/4 of an hour means that they are a quarter of what an hour lasts. Thus, it is equivalent to 60 minutes divided by four, which does not equal 15 minutes.