Job training is that activity focused on the constant preparation and training of our human resources. In this sense, it is a permanent, and planned, activity based on the preparation of the personnel who will carry out a certain work activity.
Job training, or business training, therefore, is an activity carried out by the company. In this, the firm is in charge of preparing and training its employees for the performance of a certain work activity. In other words, it is a training technique that consists of developing their skills, their knowledge, as well as their skills.
This preparation is carried out in a planned, systematic and permanent way. Given the continuous changes within the strategy of a company, while implementing innovations and new tools, as well as production techniques, this training must be permanent and provided throughout our working lives. Its objective is that the employee does not fall into obsolescence.
In this way, the worker improves over time, while achieving a better performance of their duties. Likewise, learning economies are promoted, which bring great benefits to the company, the employer, the employees and the consumers themselves.
Characteristics of job training
Once we know the term, let’s see its main characteristics:
- It is a technique promoted by the company.
- It is also known as "business training."
- It is a training technique.
- It consists of preparing our staff for the performance of their duties.
- This training must be planned, and be consistent with the functions to be performed by the employee.
- Training must be provided on an ongoing basis. That is to say, constantly over time, in order not to fall into the obsolescence of the staff.
- Promotes continuous improvement of staff. In this way, the learning economy is also promoted.
Types of job training
Among the types of job training that exist, we must highlight the following, depending on the parameters that are established below:
Depending on the formality
Depending on its formality, we can classify this training as formal and non-formal.
- Formal training : The one that has been programmed, a planning has been established for it, and follows a certain order. A course, a master’s degree or an in-company training.
- Informal training : That which has not been scheduled. It does not follow a structure, so it was not even planned. This is the case of a recommendation, guidelines prior to carrying out the work, etc.
Depending on their relevance or position in the company
Depending on the position that employees occupy in the company, and the relevance of their actions, we can classify the training as follows:
- Sales training : Focused on employees who operate in the commercial department.
- Leadership training : For personnel managers, who must foster their leadership and their ability to motivate people.
- Training for managers : Focused on training those responsible for a business unit, for example.
- Training for accountants, on accounting regulations : It is the best example to realize that this training must be constant, as it is focused on updating the knowledge of those who control the obligations of the company with the State.
In addition to the examples cited, there are more types depending on your position.
Depending on its nature, or its purpose
All training, when it is imparted, pursues a certain purpose. In this way, when an employee starts in a company, a specific training is created to allow their adaptation, integration, as well as their future development.
For this reason, we can also classify this training based on its nature. To do this, we divide as follows:
- Initiation training: One focused on those who have recently started in the company.
- Training for beginners: One focused on personnel who have recently begun to perform their functions within the company.
- Training for promotion: Focused on training certain personnel who want to promote.
Advantages of job training
Job training, as such, provides a series of advantages to the company that makes use of it, and constantly trains its employees.
Among these advantages, the following should be highlighted:
- Team spirit is fostered.
- Employees are more committed to the company, and its goals.
- Productivity levels can be dramatically increased.
- Costs are reduced.
- Times are shorter.
- They take advantage of economies of learning, of scope, of scale.
- Improves the performance of workers in the company.
- The work environment is better.
- In general, it improves the operation of the company and, therefore, the returns of the activity.
Job training example
To strengthen the concept, below is an example in which a company offers job training to its employee, while obtaining a series of benefits as a result:
So, let’s imagine that we are the owner of a company that manufactures furniture, in Spain.
This being our main activity, we have a team of 10 furniture assemblers, who are in charge of carrying out the main activity of the company: assembling furniture.
In the same way, we found out that our competitor, in China, has acquired a new tool, which allows it to reduce times because it assembles the furniture in a faster way.
We quickly acquired the machine and prepared training to teach our employees how to use it.
Therefore, once we have trained employees, they can make use of it (training) and improve the operation of production, while reducing waiting times, reducing costs, increasing productivity and, incidentally , the company’s profits.
This is job training, and here is an example of its benefits.