A job is the accumulation of tasks and responsibilities that a worker assumes within a company. Its fulfillment will be rewarded by means of a salary.
The different types of organizations are formed in such a way that different types of professionals perform their tasks and these, through a previously agreed salary, reward their work.
Thus, each company or institution requires members who can cover a wide variety of jobs, which will receive a salary adapted to each of the different jobs offered by the company.
The job position, also known colloquially as a job position, encompasses the different obligations that a professional must fulfill as part of this gear. In the same way, it includes the rights on which said agreement is concluded, among which the one to receive a salary as consideration for the work performed stands out.
In the case of self-employed workers or sole proprietorships, obviously, a single job brings together all of the commitments, obligations and responsibilities.
The job as the core of the organization
All types of organizations design their templates and structures in order to have very diverse jobs.
Thus, they acquire the ability to address different goals, which are usually raised within a business plan.
This heterogeneous configuration tends to appear more pronounced in large companies. In them, it is necessary to have professionals of diverse nature following a work specialization strategy.
For this reason, in these examples it is possible to locate accountants, cleaning personnel or telecommunications experts in the same professional staff.
Characteristics of a job
Regardless of its nature or place in the ladder of a company, each job has some characteristics to highlight:
- Productive element : The productive factor of work, and therefore labor, are a vital element in production. It also happens with the professional provision of services.
- Hierarchical situation : Every position is likely to be placed hierarchically. Thus, there are positions that involve responsibility or supervision of other professionals. For the same reason, every worker is likely to have one or more bosses or superiors.
- Vacancy condition : When a certain position is not covered according to the needs of the organization, it is said that it is a vacant position.
- Delimitation of tasks : A job position will meet different competencies or obligations that the employee must satisfy as part of their professional activity. The usual thing is that they are presented in labor agreements and employment contracts.
- Training requirements : For the optimal performance of each position, certain skills or competencies are required.
- Adapted reward : Each position has a specific salary level for it, taking into account its characteristics. Usually, this salary scale is established through sectoral agreements.
The evolution of the job
The new business environment, marked by new technologies and the emergence of new economic sectors, has facilitated the adoption of new labor practices.
In this sense, the concept of job has been influenced by these new modalities in terms of economic activity. The result of this is the emergence of much more multidisciplinary or multitasking professional disciplines.
Alternatively, the contractual modalities also play a role to be highlighted in this regard. This responds to the practice of outsourcing.
Therefore, it is possible to distinguish both internal and external jobs. The latter are often exercised temporarily or in response to specific campaigns.