Intrapersonal communication is one in which a person carries out a conversation with himself and, therefore, has the role of sender and receiver at all times.
In other words, it is an internal dialogue in which an individual reflects on aspects of their life or external information
Intrapersonal communication is something that all human beings carry out. Having your own conversation with yourself and privately helps you to reflect on certain aspects, create an inner language, negative or positive, and give voice to your own thoughts.
This communication can have various effects depending on the approach used by the individual himself. For example, reflective, negative or positive.
Many negative thoughts or limiting beliefs can arise from these internal dialogues that people have.
However, on other occasions that internal communication is carried out to generate encouragement and positivity towards the person himself.
Characteristics of intrapersonal communication
These are the main characteristics of this type of communication:
- One-sided: It is a communication that develops with oneself. The same person is the bearer of the message and the recipient of it.
- Spontaneous: It arises without being foreseen, it is something inevitable that manifests itself and sometimes it is not easy to manage, since when it comes to something negative it can generate a vicious circle.
- Different people can be used: This type of dialogue can be carried out starting from the self or using the third person. Many individuals address themselves by name. For example, Antonio, you have the wrong address.
- They serve as a filter: The conversations that are held can be manifested to censor some of their own behaviors or adapt to the context in which the person is. The goal is to behave appropriately on a social level, taking into account the most socially accepted behaviors.
- Positive approach: Some of these dialogues may arise with the idea of achieving self-motivation and positivity. For example, when a tennis player plays a tennis match and is encouraged.
- Negative approach: Sometimes, the communication that is generated is negative, self-critical and oriented to get the worst out of oneself. This can generate anxiety and other types of problems that affect the person’s self-esteem, for example.
- Reflection: Individuals who maintain intrapersonal communication also use this to reflect on themselves or with regard to news or external information.
Example of intrapersonal communication
Intrapersonal communication can even take place out loud or through internal dialogues. It is a type of communication that is difficult to avoid and is characterized by being one that the same person carries out.
An athlete who is playing a soccer championship and constantly encourages himself to offer his best version would be an example of intrapersonal communication.
An individual who is angry with a relative and blames himself for what happened, generating an internal reproachful dialogue, is also a significant example of this type of communication.