Industrial safety standards are the most important safety standards that companies in any industry must design and implement to protect their employees. These standards allow the prevention of occupational accidents and guarantee favorable conditions for the environment in which the work takes place.
Indeed, industrial safety is in charge of drawing up the rules, strategies and procedures aimed at preserving the health and physical integrity of its employees. The safety regulations guarantee that the employees of a company enjoy physical and mental well-being, creating favorable and ideal conditions to carry out the work activity.
Main industrial safety standards
The main industrial safety standards that companies must develop and apply are related to the following elements:
1. Order and cleanliness
To begin with, order and cleanliness are essential elements for a company to be able to maintain safety standards. Therefore, everyone must collaborate to achieve it. Each employee must:
- Keep your workplace clean and tidy, without leaving materials near or around the machines you use.
- Pick up boards or any material with sharp objects that can cause accidents.
- Store all used materials and tools in an orderly fashion. Do not leave obstacles or any obstruction in the doors, corridors, stairs and emergency exits.
2. Use of safety equipment
Of course, employees will use the personal safety equipment provided by the company to perform their tasks. It will be a matter of keeping the protective equipment in optimal condition.
Employees will have the obligation to:
- Report to your superior any deficiency or failure that you observe in your protective equipment.
- Keep personal safety equipment in good condition. If it suffers any damage or deterioration, the employee must report it and request another equipment that works correctly.
- The work equipment must be well adjusted and arranged. Any part that hangs could be dangerous.
- Wear a helmet, when the task being carried out may cause blows or injuries to the head. Wear goggles when exposed to splashing or dazzling light to protect your eyes.
- Wear boots and / or gloves, when the work can cause damage to the feet or hands. If the employee’s job requires them to be high above the ground, they will wear their seatbelt to prevent falls and accidents.
3. Use of tools
Additionally, the employee will use the appropriate tools to carry out their work and will take care that they are kept in good condition. In this section it is important:
- Use the tools for a specific use and periodically check that they are not damaged. Defective tools should be discarded.
- Tools should not be carried in pockets, only if the suits used are designed for that purpose.
- When a tool is not used, it should be left in safe places to avoid accidents.
4. Safety regulations on the use of electricity
Any company where electricity is generated must work with the necessary care. Some of the most important are:
- When using machines with electrical voltage, work equipment that is insulating from the current must be used.
- When you notice something abnormal, you should report the fault and not try to fix it.
- Cables and plugs must be in perfect condition. If not, they must be repaired immediately.
- Be attentive to any sparks or heating in electrical equipment and report any eventuality immediately.
- You should not work in damp or wet areas because it is highly dangerous.
5. Safety regulations on the use of chemicals
On the other hand, handling chemicals is highly dangerous for any employee. The risk can occur orally, respiratory or by contact. The following is recommended:
- The eyes are the most vulnerable part of the body when handling chemicals. Therefore, the necessary protection must be used. If any chemical enters the eyes, it should be removed with water immediately and then seek medical assistance.
- Chemicals affect any part of the body. Therefore, when handling them you must have the appropriate protective equipment.
- Extreme hygiene measures are recommended when leaving work and before eating food.
- When mixing chemicals with water, the water always comes first and then the chemical.
6. Rules in case of fire
Likewise, a fire is very dangerous in any work area. It is important to find a way to prevent it. The most important is:
- Do not smoke, do not leave butts lit, do not generate sparks and be careful when handling flammable products. In addition, have the electrical installations in perfect condition.
- When a fire breaks out, you should know where the fire extinguishers are and how to use them. Also, what are the evacuation routes and emergency exits.
7. Rules for emergencies
Above all, an emergency can occur at any time. Therefore, you have to know what the plans and the instructions to follow are. In an emergency, the most advisable thing would be:
- Exit in an orderly manner, using the emergency exits and following the corresponding signs.
- If necessary, support and help those in need, acting calmly and serenely.
In the event of an accident, every employee must act calmly. This can help save lives or minimize impacts. Above all, you have to act quickly and confidently. It is advisable:
- Try to help the injured with great care, but without forgetting that the doctor is the specialized person to treat them.
- Try to verify that there are no other dangers and notify the first-aid and medical services.
In conclusion, industrial safety standards are an essential part of the company, especially because they avoid or minimize the damage that people and material resources of the firm may suffer. They also seek to reduce the company’s impact on the environment.