Gender equality is an initiative focused on eliminating discrimination between men and women.
With this objective, it is intended to eliminate unequal treatment between men and women.
This objective is part of the Sustainable Development agenda (SDG) pursued by the United Nations Development Program. And it is scheduled to achieve its fulfillment in the year 2030.
Causes of the lack of gender equality
Lack of recognition of labor rights between men and women. Either legally or as part of an ingrained custom, it causes among other things:
- Exploitation and sexual violence.
- Differences in the division of unpaid work (domestic work and caring for other people).
- Inequality in public decision making.
- Meteorological phenomena that cause natural disasters, which has a greater impact on women than on men.
- Uses and customs that privilege the freedom of men with respect to women, which causes girls to marry previously agreed by their parents.
- Lower wages for women who perform the same functions as men (employment discrimination).
Importance of gender equality
Gender equality is key to the existence of sustainable development.
Given that women are a significant part of the world’s population, it represents a potential for social development if they have equal opportunities. This derived from the multiplier effect of economic growth, by increasing consumption.
Actions to achieve gender equality
To achieve the goal of gender equality there are a series of mechanisms that are on the international agenda. Among those that stand out are:
- Execution of programs that allow access to reproductive and sexual health for men and women alike.
- Legal recognition of women’s rights to economic resources, such as land and property, just like men.
- Allow and encourage more women to hold public office, which will provide a greater opportunity to have a gender equality perspective.
- Combat social prejudice, through information and raise awareness of the problems generated by gender inequality in all areas.
- Support educational campaigns against practices against the mutilation and marriage of girls.