Zero hunger is an initiative, focused on eradicating the lack of food for the survival of the world’s population.
In addition to committing to food security, it also aims to improve nutrition.
Importance of achieving the zero hunger goal
Faced with an inefficient diet, the population that suffers from it suffers a series of consequences:
- He dies from lack of food, in the worst case.
- You live with a significant probability of suffering from diseases.
- It is less productive, which limits increasing their income and, therefore, improving their living conditions. Which reflects a vicious circle.
- Children have growth retardation, due to the lack of nutrients. Therefore, it presents a low school performance or forces them to give up education.
Regarding the location of the highest incidence of food insufficiency, it is possible to observe that it is found to a greater extent in developing countries.
If the goal of zero hunger is achieved, the world economy would experience higher productivity, better levels of health, greater equity and a better quality of life. With which there would be an opportunity for greater social development, which will undoubtedly influence the economy.
Causes of food insufficiency
Among the main causes of hunger in the world are:
- The increase in population.
- The increase in life expectancy.
- Soil erosion due to environmental degradation, which impoverishes the soil for cultivation.
- Food waste.
- Droughts, floods and other disasters, which cause the loss of crops.
Actions to achieve the goal of zero hunger
It is necessary to promote the agricultural, livestock and fishing sectors in a sustainable way. This requires an equitable distribution of land, knowledge focused on the food sectors, access to financial services, investment in science and technology that allow an increase in food production.
Joint work at the international level is essential to increase agricultural production and reduce environmental degradation, which has a representative impact on arable land.
Here are some concrete actions to achieve zero hunger.
- Support programs that allow sustainability in regards to the food sector.
- Avoid food waste.
- Spread the consequences of hunger in the world, so that citizens make consumption decisions that favor sustainable agriculture.
- Inform and raise awareness, so that decisions by companies and the Government support the consumption of food that favors sustainability.
- Spread and participate in campaigns that reduce hunger in the world.
- Improve the quality of the soil to obtain crops that minimize losses. Avoiding overexploitation of them.
- Improve agricultural systems to resist weather events.
- Support investment within each country and rely on joint investment at the international level.
- Support programs that improve seed banks in order to improve their quality and therefore efficiency in cultivation.