Euratom is a European public body, which is in charge of coordinating research programs on nuclear energy.
Focusing especially on nuclear energy, Euratom raises the different strategies for energy exploitation and research on energy sources of this nature.
This European organization is aimed at the management and legal support of energy actions in Europe. However, since its inception, it has been directed especially to the field of non-renewable energies.
In terms of continental relevance, Euratom was one of the most remarkable advances to have occurred since the Treaties of Rome.
In this sense, the creation of the CECA could be identified as a clear antecedent.
Origin, history and relevance of Euratom
Although it does not depend directly on the European Union, it has the same members, and is governed by the same institutions as the EU.
Founded through the promulgation of a treaty in 1957, the European Atomic Energy Community contributed to promoting relations between different European territories.
Along with the creation of other similar and contemporary multinational organizations, the birth of Euratom represented the cohesion of nuclear strategies in the countries of the Old Continent.
Together with the progressive consolidation of the European Union, it institutionally stifled the socio-political instability that existed in the middle of the Cold War.
Euratom institutional responsibility
The main characteristics of this organization go through the following points to highlight:
- Community nuclear management : Together with the European Commission and the Joint Research Center, it deals with such development and energy monitoring.
- Specific programming and European cohesion : Following the previous point, this institution is in charge of monitoring the control of nuclear production waste, as well as the necessary safety factors in this industry.
- Structure and specific legal framework : Every action by Euratom has legal backing from the Community legal sphere.
All this led, from its birth, to the creation and improvement of a common market, with a very marked specialization in nuclear energy.
This led to the need to develop trade in nuclear components between Member States. The next step would be common research for the development of said energy industry.
After its creation and to this day, Euratom has established itself as the main responsible for energy competences in Europe.
For this reason, the promotion of the nuclear industry resulting from the end of World War II and in the process of economic growth was one of the bases raised from the beginning.
Thus, the generic activity of Euratom passes through two main routes:
- Documentary work and research discipline : In fields such as nuclear (obtaining energy both through fission and fusion) and productive responsibility on caused radioactivity.
- Convergent institutional action : This institution works with other government bodies at the European level in joint intervention models. This, through common strategies with the European Union.