A euphemism is a word or expression used as a substitute for another that may be more aggressive, offensive, rude, or taboo.
Euphemisms are found in practically every conversation. The aim is not to offend or appear vulgar with the rest of the people who receive the message. Its use is very frequent.
On the other hand, there are people who are not in favor of the excessive use of euphemisms, since it can lead to misuse of language or confusion about the terms used.
In recent years we are seeing how, more and more, in politics, language is taken care of in order not to exclude, marginalize or offend certain groups. For this reason, politicians and parties tend to prepare their speeches, rallies and interviews taking great care of the tone and the words used. Although, to a greater or lesser extent, political correctness affects all parties, it is the left-leaning parties that use it the most.
Inclusive language is another form of political correctness and euphemism, which consists of using feminine endings at the same time as masculine ones, even substituting for those that are neutral. This use of language is strongly criticized since, at times, grammatical errors are incurred. This is due to the fact that some words are only correctly written in an ending, the gender of said word being differentiated according to the article used.
Examples of euphemism
There are several types of euphemism, some are simply the substitution of one word for another, others are expressions, and in others the original is softened by changing the phonetics of the word.
- Old ☞ Old person
- Blind ☞ Blind
- Die ☞ Pass away
- Fool ☞ Fool
- Give birth ☞ Give birth
- Crisis ☞ Economic slowdown
- Homeless ☞ Homeless
- Cuts ☞ Budget adjustments
- Asylum ☞ Psychiatric Hospital