Difference between State and Government

The difference between State and Government is that the second is part of the first. In other words, the Government is, together with the population and the territory, a part of the State.

Difference between State and Government

In everyday life, the concepts of State and Government tend to be frequently confused.

The idea of ​​the article, therefore, is to provide the reader with general ideas about what the State is, as well as what the Government is. Allowing the differentiation of both concepts, as well as the responsibility that falls on both entities.

Therefore, first of all and before continuing, we must know what is the State and what is the Government.

What is a state?

A State is understood as the set of public institutions that a certain country owns. These are in charge of regulating all the activities that take place in this, controlling all the activity that is generated in the country. In this sense, it is defined as a political organization. But highlighting fundamental aspects such as its timeless character, remaining regardless of the Government that is in power. The State, it should be said, is an organization that acts independently, following a series of rules and laws.

The State is made up of three fundamental elements: population, territory and Government.

Thus, it enjoys sovereignty, in the hands of the people. As well as the internal autonomy that defines it.

Characteristics of a State

The State presents a series of characteristics that govern the principles that a State must follow to define itself as such:

  • It is timeless in nature, regardless of the Government.
  • It has a government that manages and directs it.
  • It has a territory, as well as a population that enjoys sovereignty.
  • It is organized through organizations that regulate the activity.
  • It has a series of rights and obligations in the international arena.
  • It is the subject of public international law.
  • It is recognized and maintains relations with other States.

What types of state are there?

The State, like the Government, can present itself in a different way. The main ways in which a State can present itself are:

  • Federal State : Power being divided between different autonomies throughout the territory.
  • Unitary State : Being the centralized power, in the same political power that has all the power.

What is a government?

A Government is a set of institutions and individuals who, having come to power through a certain route, are in charge of administering and directing a State. Furthermore, the Government is one of its constituent elements, along with the population and the territory. Thus, each State must be provided with a Government, which is in charge, in addition to representing it, of managing and directing it.

Following this line, the Government must ensure that sovereignty in the hands of the people is guaranteed, as well as the internal autonomy that they present.

Characteristics of a Government

The main characteristics to highlight of a Government are:

  • It is temporary.
  • Together with the territory and the population, it is one of the constituent elements of the State.
  • The Government manifests the sovereignty of the people.
  • It may or may not be recognized by other States.
  • It is in charge of managing and directing the State.
  • It is made up of people and institutions that are in charge of managing the State, as well as representing it.
  • It can be presented in various forms: democratic, dictatorship, monarchy.

What types of government are there?

The main ways in which a government can present itself are:

  • Monarchy : It is the Monarch who holds power and directs the State, as head of state.
  • Democracy : Sovereignty rests with the people, who are the ones who choose which government they want to represent them.
  • Dictatorship : When power falls on one or more people. With a dictatorial government, the rights of the people are suppressed.
  • Anarchism : Absence or lack of Government.
  • Oligarchy : A group of few governs.

Main differences between State and Government

Thus, the following table shows the main differences between the Government and the State:

government State
Be part of the state It is made up of Government, territory and people
It is of a temporary nature It is timeless in character
May or may not be recognized It is recognized by other states
It is the set of people who manage and direct the institutions They are the institutions that, together with the Government, make up what is known as the State