The dictatorship of the proletariat, according to Marxist and communist theories, is that situation in which the salaried working class stands as the center of political and economic power of a state against the bourgeois social class.
The dictatorship of the proletariat is one of the most important communist postulates. It supposes the final state or the maximum expression to which the individual proletarian worker must aspire in a society.
With the existence of different communist theories, this concept has evolved from its theoretical origin, implanted by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the 19th century and hand in hand with the original communist manifesto.
In this way, this dictatorship, the result of the end of the class struggle and the achievement of social domination by the working class, has different perceptions, taking into account the great variety of points of view existing in the study of communism itself, the socialism and Marxism.
At the same time, its success supposes the elimination of bourgeois power and its control over the working classes. Bourgeois power understood from the socialist point of view as a mechanism for their exploitation.
Bases of the dictatorship of the proletariat
In order to achieve the dominance of the proletarian class against the bourgeois class, the communist and Marxist theses establish a series of common requirements to fulfill:
- Confrontation of opposing classes. The proletariat and the bourgeois class must fight for the final control of the means of production and the wealth existing in the economy.
- The end result must be a classless society with full equality among proletarian citizens. That is, there should not be economic inequality.
- For the success of the dictatorship of the proletariat, both the urban working class and the peasant class must collaborate under the tutelage of the first group.
- Finally, state control and control of the means of production must rest with the communist party, the only existing political force and "guarantee" of equality and democratic justice among citizens.
- Territorially and below the State would be the organization through different soviets, with the objective of carrying out productive and population control.
Theoretically, the triumph of the dictatorship of the proletariat supposes the passage from capitalism to socialism in its final expression and supposes the successful revolution of the proletariat as a form of majority and dominant society.