The consequences of the environmental impact are all those effects that human actions and natural phenomena have on the planet.
The consequences of the environmental impact can be measured based on the magnitude, time, place, the possibility that a damage can be reversed, etc.
Generally, when it comes to environmental impact, it is analyzed in terms of negative effects, because it degrades the ecological balance. Unfortunately, the concern of the scientific community and international organizations about the consequences that this has occurs very frequently from there. However, there are also consequences in positive terms and it occurs when there are events that restore this balance of the environment.
Types of consequences of environmental impact
They are classified, according to the environment they affect and to know the magnitude of the damage, a series of indicators have been developed that provide information, which allows organizations to make decisions to prevent, avoid or mitigate them. They are listed below.
Consequences in the human environment
In general terms it affects the quality of human life, below the detail.
- Diseases in the dermis, caused by being in contact with contaminated water.
- Gastrointestinal diseases caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water.
- Respiratory diseases, derived from air pollution.
- Deaths due to lack of proper hygiene, in regions where water has been contaminated and there is no access to drinking water.
- Disorders in the development of children due to poor nutrition due to lack of nutrients due to impoverished or eroded soils.
- Deafness due to noise pollution.
- Genetic mutations.
- Different types of cancer, by radioactivity.
The consequences in terms of imbalances in ecosystems are briefly detailed below.
- Loss of biodiversity on the planet.
- Depletion of natural resources.
- Global warming.
- Melting of the polar caps.
- Extension of animal and plant species that unbalance the food chain so that harmful pests may appear for other ecosystems.
- Acid rain that affects the quality of the soil, seas, rivers, lakes, that affects the flora and fauna that depend directly or indirectly on these resources.
- Damage to the ozone layer that leaves the planet unprotected from UV rays.
- Ocean acidification.
In general terms, there is an increase in the scarcity of natural resources due to their depletion. Which brings with it an increase in its price due to its growing demand. Here are some examples.
- Poor air quality has effects on respiratory diseases that have effects on absenteeism and worker productivity.
- Soil erosion causes insufficient food production that puts pressure on the price of food.
- Overfishing causes individuals not to reach their reproductive stage, which is why it does not generate a significant reduction in fishing resources.
The social fabric is seriously affected by environmental impacts, since it affects natural resources. For example, those who are the livelihood of communities that force them to emigrate.
The effects of human activity trigger conflicts of interest and polarization that require the attention of the community. That is why economists and scientists can contribute to decision-making through the preparation of statistics and analysis to contribute to the efficiency in the application of public policies.
Measurement of the consequences of environmental impact
In order to have tools that allow measuring the environmental consequences to mitigate, anticipate or restore the effects of a project. There is an indicator known as the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
There are a number of benefits of environmental impact assessment, which are the following:
- Identify the bio-geographic space.
- Forecast the environmental impact that the materialization of a project would have.
- Maximize the efficiency of natural resources.
- Manage and anticipate environmental damage.
- Analyze the viability of a project by the capacity of recovery of the environment.